Tesla Model 3 Owners & Service Manuals

Tesla Model 3: Tire and Loading Glossaries

General Wheel and Tire Terms

Accessory Weight

  • The combined weight (in excess of those items replaced) of items available as factory installed equipment.


  • The inner edge of a tire that is shaped to fit to the rim and form an air tight seal. The bead is constructed of steel wires which are wrapped, or reinforced, by the ply cords.

Cold Tire Pressure

  • The air pressure in a tire that has been standing in excess of three hours, or driven for less than one mile.

Curb Weight

  • The weight of a standard vehicle, including any optional equipment fitted, and with the correct fluid levels.

Gross Vehicle Weight

  • The maximum permissible weight of a vehicle with driver, passengers, load, luggage, and equipment.

kPa (kilo pascal)

  • A metric unit used to measure pressure. One kilo pascal equals approximately 0.145 psi.

Maximum Inflation Pressure

  • The maximum pressure to which the tire should be inflated.

    This pressure is given on the tire side wall in psi (lbf/in2).

Caution: This pressure marked on the tire is the maximum allowed by the tire manufacturer. It is not the pressure Tesla recommends using for Model 3.

Maximum Loaded Vehicle Weight

  • The sum of curb weight, accessory weight, vehicle capacity weight, and production options weight.

Production Options Weight

  • The combined weight of options installed which weigh in excess of 3 lb more than the standard items that they replaced, and are not already considered in curb or accessory weights.

PSI (lbf/in2)

  • Pounds per square inch (the unit used to measure tire pressure).

Recommended Tire Inflation Pressure

  • Tire inflation pressure, established by Tesla, which is based on the type of tires that are mounted on the vehicle at the factory.

    This information can be found on the Tire and Loading Information label located on the door pillar.


  • The metal support for a tire, or tire and tube, upon which the tire beads are seated.

Vehicle Capacity Weight

  • The number of seats multiplied by 150 lbs plus the rated amount of load/luggage.

Load Carrying Definitions

Normal occupant weight

  • 68 kilograms (150 lbs) times the number of occupants specified in the second column of the tables for calculating load limits

Occupant distribution

  • Distribution of occupants in a vehicle.

Passenger car tire

  • A tire intended for use on passenger cars, multipurpose passenger vehicles, and trucks, that have a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 10,000 pounds or less.

Rim diameter

  • Nominal diameter of the bead seat.

Rim size designation

  • Rim diameter and width.

Rim type designation

  • The manufacturing industry's designation for a rim by style or code.

Rim width

  • Nominal distance between the rim's flanges.

Vehicle maximum load on the tire

  • Load on an individual tire that is determined by distributing to each axle its share of the maximum loaded vehicle weight and dividing by two.

Vehicle normal load on the tire

  • Load on an individual tire that is determined by distributing to each axle its share of the curb weight, accessory weight, and normal occupant weight and dividing by two.

Pneumatic Radial Tire Definitions

Bead separation

  • A breakdown of the bond between components in the bead.

Bias ply tire

  • A pneumatic tire in which the ply cords that extend to the beads are laid at alternate angles substantially less than 90 degrees to the center line of the tread.


  • The tire structure, except tread and sidewall rubber which, that when inflated, bears the load.


  • The breaking away of pieces of the tread or sidewall.


  • The strands forming the plies in the tire.

Cord separation

  • The parting of cords from adjacent rubber compounds.


  • Any parting within the tread, sidewall, or inner liner of the tire extending to cord material.

Extra load tire

  • A tire designed to operate at higher loads and higher inflation pressure than the corresponding standard tire.


  • The space between two adjacent tread ribs.

Inner liner

  • The layer(s) forming the inside surface of a tubeless tire that contains the inflating medium within the tire.

Inner liner separation

  • The parting of the inner liner from cord material in the carcass.

Load rating

  • The maximum load that a tire is rated to carry for a given inflation pressure.

Maximum load rating

  • The load rating for a tire at the maximum permissible inflation pressure for that tire.

Measuring rim

  • The rim on which a tire is fitted for physical dimension requirements.

Open splice

  • Any parting at any junction of tread, sidewall, or inner liner that extends to the cord material.

Outer diameter

  • The overall diameter of an inflated new tire.

Overall width

  • The linear distance between the exteriors of the sidewalls of an inflated tire, including elevations due to labeling, decorations, or protective bands or ribs.


  • A layer of rubber-coated parallel cords.

Ply separation

  • A parting of rubber compound between adjacent plies.

Pneumatic tire

  • A mechanical device made of rubber, chemicals, fabric and steel or other materials, that, when mounted on an automotive wheel, provides the traction and contains the gas or fluid that sustains the load.

Radial ply tire

  • A pneumatic tire in which the ply cords that extend to the beads are laid at substantially 90 degrees to the center line of the tread.

Reinforced tire

  • A tire designed to operate at higher loads and at higher inflation pressures than the corresponding standard tire.

Section width

  • The linear distance between the exteriors of the sidewalls of an inflated tire, excluding elevations due to labeling, decoration, or protective bands.


  • The portion of a tire between the tread and bead.

Sidewall separation

  • The parting of the rubber compound from the cord material in the sidewall.

Snow tire

  • A tire that attains a traction index equal to or greater than 110, compared to the ASTM E1136-93 (re-approved 2003, incorporated by reference, see 571.5) Standard Reference Test Tire when using the snow traction test as described in ASTM F1805-00 (incorporated by reference, see 571.5), and that is marked with an Alpine Symbol specified in S5.5(i) on at least one sidewall.

Test rim

  • The rim on which a tire is fitted for testing, and may be any rim listed as appropriate for use with that tire.


  • The portion of a tire that comes into contact with the road.

Tread rib

  • A tread section running around the circumference of a tire.

Tread separation

  • The pulling away of the tread from the tire carcass.

Tread wear indicators (TWI)

  • The projections within the principal grooves designed to give a visual indication of the degrees of wear of the tread.

Wheel-holding fixture

  • The fixture used to hold the wheel and tire assembly securely during testing.


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